About Some Principles of Automatic Reclosing Device and Its Characteristics

What is automatic reclosing? Do you know what features it has? The number of automatic reclosing actions. The number of actions of the reclosing device should comply with the pre-determined regulations. For example, a three-phase one-time reclosing should only operate once. When the reclosing device trips again due to a permanent fault, it should not operate again. Under no circumstances should the auto-recloser device reclose the circuit breaker multiple times until a permanent failure occurs, such as damage to the components of the device itself, sticking or refusal of relay contacts, etc.

1. The reset method of the auto recloser circuit breaker

After the reclosing device is activated, it should be able to automatically reset to prepare for the next action. However, for lines with voltages of 10kV and below, if there are local on-duty personnel, in order to simplify the reclosing, manual reset can also be used. The disadvantage of using manual reset is that after the reclosing action, before the on-duty personnel does not return in time, the reclosing will refuse to act again when a fault occurs, which is especially likely to occur in places with more lightning activities during the thunderstorm season.

2. Action time of auto recloser circuit breaker

The action time of the pole mounted auto recloser device is generally 0.5 ~ 1.5s. The reclosing time should be as short as possible to shorten the outage time. Because the speed of the motor drops sharply after the power supply is interrupted, when the reclosing is successful, the motor must start automatically. The lower the speed, the greater the self-starting current and the longer the time, which often causes the grid voltage to drop too much, making the self-starting more difficult and delaying recovery. normal working hours. However, the reclosing time should not be too short, and the time should be longer than the time for the insulating medium to dissociate, so that the insulation strength of the fault point can be restored in time, and the operating mechanism of the circuit breaker must be restored in time to be able to reclose, such as oil circuit breakers. In order to restore the dielectric strength around the contacts in time, the arc extinguishing chamber must be filled with oil in time.

3. Cooperation between auto recloser circuit breaker and relay protection

The circuit of the protection action should be accelerated before or after the reclosing, so as to better cooperate with the protection device and accelerate the removal of the fault. The front acceleration protection of the automatic reclosing device is referred to as the front acceleration for short, that is, when a fault occurs on the line, the instantaneous action of the protection removes the fault for the first time, and then recloses. jump away. The front acceleration protection is mainly used on the direct distribution lines below 35kV drawn from electrical power equipment or important substations,  such as 33kv automatic circuit recloser and 11kv auto recloser, so as to quickly remove the fault and ensure the busbar voltage. The post-reclosing acceleration protection is abbreviated as post-acceleration, that is, when the line fails for the first time, the protection has a selective action, and then recloses. If it coincides with a permanent fault, after the circuit breaker is closed, the accelerated protection action will instantly remove the fault.

The post-acceleration protection is mainly used in the network above 35kV and the transmission line that supplies power to the important load. If the acceleration after reclosing is adopted, the inrush current generated at the moment of closing and the zero-sequence and negative-sequence currents generated by the three-phase contacts of the circuit breaker not closing at the same time may cause protection malfunction, and measures should be taken to prevent it. When reclosing is realized on the line of the double-side power supply, the synchronization between the two sides of the power supply should be considered during closing.

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